Given the author’s own co-edited volume with Ruben Zimmermann and Michael Labahn, Metaphor, Narrative, and Parables in Q (Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck, 2014), it is surprising to read on the back cover of this newer work that “Dieter T. Roth fills a notable gap in New Testament scholarship, presenting the first comprehensive study of the parables in Q.” Perhaps it was meant to read that it was the first single-author study of this kind. At any rate, the biggest distinctives that Roth contributes are not interpretive matters but the conviction that parables included numerous shorter figures of speech than are traditionally considered and that imagery and symbolism need to be considered through the lens of modern metaphor theories in more detail than typically has been the case.

To justify his larger sweep of passages, Roth defines a parable, adapting wording from his Habilitationsschrift supervisor Zimmermann, as “a short narratival (1) fictional...

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