Volume 4 of this series of excavation reports brings together the data of the final seasons of work at Khirbet Qeiyafa. It is well-produced with numerous figures, tables, and full-color photographs. The main focus of the volume (5 out of 6 parts) is on materials found at Iron Age IIA Qeiyafa, which provides well-stratified contexts of some of the earliest expressions of cult materials associated with the early 10th-century kingdom of Judah. While many would argue against a Judahite entity so early (e.g., Finkelstein et al.), the authors of the volume rightly infer a central organization to facilitate the construction of such a site.

Part 1 deals with the three architectural cultic structures. Two of these appear to have been for some kind of public use (D100 and C10), while the third appears to have had a more domestic orientation (C3). Inferences for cultic use derive from the pervasive presence...

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