The many questions concerning women at Qumran (e.g., Were there women at all? If so, in what capacity and why? Were the men of Qumran celibate? Were some of the men married? Were women buried in the nearby cemetery? What do the sectarian scrolls say about women?) have been debated off and on since the discovery of the scrolls in the 1940s and 1950s and the archaeological work on the ruins at Qumran and in the nearby caves long ago and in more recent times. In Frauen in Qumran, Nicole Rupschus revisits these and other questions in her well-researched doctoral dissertation. Her principal research question asks what role women played at Qumran. The answers she provides are significant and advance our understanding.

In her introduction (pp. 1–12), Rupschus explains the goals and structure of her investigation. These include (1) defining texts at Qumran that specify certain groups and (2)...

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