This essay primarily discusses the composition of Ps 132, but not at the expense of its structure and literary artistry. Assuming methodological comments of A. Laato, namely, the possibility that any psalm could have existed in a precanonical form, this essay observes specific phenomena about Ps 132’s content on the way to discussing the compositional process of the psalm. This essay observes (1) that many of the data often cited as evidence for an early date of composition appear in vv. 1–12, (2) that most data in support of a late date of composition appear in vv. 13–18, and (3) there is a significant shift in the psalm’s focus beginning in v. 13. Consequently, this essay proposes that the canonical form of Ps 132 may have come about through two distinct phases, which can be characterized as a postexilic expansion of a preexilic psalm. Furthermore, the second portion of the psalm ostensibly manifests a “hidden reading” that, when understood against the hegemonic environments of the ­Second Temple period, may constitute what James Scott has characterized as “disguised ­verbal resistance.”

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