Literary criticism is growing in popularity in evangelical scholarship. One important aspect of literary criticism is the range of techniques used in the characterization of people in a story. These include: direct description by the storyteller, the responses of other characters in the story, a character’s words and thoughts, self-characterization, a character’s actions, a character’s name, comparisons with other characters, and the events of the story. This article examines the characterization of Nabal in 1 Sam 25 and discusses how these techniques enable the reader to evaluate the character and better understand the point of the narrative. In this way, literary techniques enable us to understand the content of the Bible as well as appreciate its form.