The idea that Matthew's messianism is significantly different from the one found in Pss. Sol. 17 is commonplace. Most often, one will find it stated in almost an axiomatic fashion with a waving of the hand toward the militaristic perspective of Psalms of Solomon as sufficient evidence to make the point. While there can be no doubt that Matthew's messianism evinces differences from that of Psalms of Solomon's, such an overly simplistic assessment appreciates neither the number and depth of similarities of perspective between the two messianologies nor their implications. This article will show that Matthew's messianism stands in close affinity with much in the other expressly Davidic conception of messianism in first-century Judaism, namely, Psalms of Solomon, although representing a new, creative moment in the reception history of biblical expectations related to the Messiah.

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