Three scenes in the Gospel of John, the foot-washing episode (13:2–11), the narrative of the denial prediction (13:33–38), and the account of Peter cutting off the ear of the high priest's servant (18:8–11), characterize Peter as one who resists the idea that Jesus should take up the role of good shepherd who lays down his life for his sheep. These scenes link with the Gospel's ὑπέρ texts. Their consistent portrayal of Peter forms part of the Gospel's presentation of the significance of Jesus' death.

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