Abstract

Scriptural fulfillment is a critical theme throughout the Gospel of John, but in 12:38–19:37 the evangelist draws explicit attention to the deeper purpose at work in Jesus' passion by the distinctive introductory formula "in order that Scripture may be fulfilled." This article argues that John rarely uses fulfillment language such as this in appeals to prediction; rather, Johannine "fulfillment" is characterized by a dialectic, mutually interpretive relationship of continuity and escalation between the OT text and Jesus' work. Jesus' death "fulfills" the Scriptures by revealing the decisive, eschatological meaning of these earlier texts, while the OT likewise offers the categories necessary to disclose the true significance of his identity as the rejected, crucified Messiah.

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