"Kingdom of Heaven" figures prominently in one Judaic system, forms part of the background of another, and plays no role whatsoever in a third, which makes possible the comparison and contrast of Judaisms. What is at stake in this exercise is how and whether "Kingdomk of Heaven" functions as a category-formation in the Aggadic theology as it does in the Evangelists' account of Jesus' teaching adn the media framed to bear that message. In Aggadic and Halakic contexts, by contrast, the theme of God's rule pervades, but the particularization of that theme as "Kingdom of Heaven" forms no more than an inert category-formation, one that figures as part of the background of ideas that everywhere inhere but nowhere take an active, generative role.

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