This study will argue that the names of Nadab and Abihu, as well as the unique description "strange fire," describe an association with cultic activities that are not merely outside the divinely approved actions of the priests but represent an innerbiblical association with the sin of Aaron in Exodus 32 as well as a parallel with Semitic rites of ordination found in extrabiblical texts from thirteenth-century BCE Emar. Together these support the conclusion that the condemned actions were idolatrous.

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