Abstract

This article discusses how Tsimshian artist Frederick Alexcee (1853–1939) represented his community of Lax Kw'alaams (Fort/Port Simpson) in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. Created for sale to non-Indigenous people, Alexcee's works in various media reveal a distinctly Tsimshian—and perhaps personal—perspective, which, it is argued, reversed the colonial gaze. Alexcee's artistic perspectives, and the choices he made in determining the content and style of his work present in the ethnographic record, speak to the ways he represented Tsimshian history and identity. Although his work was ostensibly directed at Euro-Canadian settler audiences, the various ways that he decentered, or chose not to represent, European presences in Lax Kw'alaams raise the question of who his works were really for.

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