Christian fundamentalism is a doctrinal system and an argumentative frame, but it also functions as a “countermovement” whose members advocate resistance from a purported place of ecclesial and political marginalization. This article explores the roots of early fundamentalist resistance rhetoric as it manifested through a series of “countersymbols”—oppositional condensation symbols that invoke the corruption of an idealized community by its other to rhetorically justify resistance as necessary response.

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