The fisheries sector in India plays a key role in the Indian economy, providing livelihood to more than 20 million fishers and fish farmers. The Gross Value Added (GVA) of the fisheries sector during 2018–2019 was INR 2,12,915 crores and constituted 1.24% of the total National GVA and 7.28% share of Agricultural GVA. The annual growth rate of 10.88% was achieved during the years 2014–15 to 2018–19. The fish production reached at an all-time high of 13.758 million metric tons during 2018–19. The major fishery resource originates from rivers (29 000 km) followed by reservoirs, ponds, floodplain wetlands, and tanks.

Climatic variability and events have intensified in India during the last few decades. This has resulted in frequent cyclones, storms, hurricanes, floods, heatwaves, and untimely monsoons, resulting in climatic disasters. The addition of these unusual climatic events to the increasing anthropogenic stressors would further complicate the dynamics and sustainability of...

You do not currently have access to this content.