Reservoirs are aquatic resources with the potential to increase India's fish production through inland fisheries. Thippagondanahalli is a medium-size reservoir on Arkavathy River, a tributary of the Cauvery. It is located in Bangalore rural district of Karnataka (12°58’24” to 12°96'49" N 77°20’33” to 77°35’63” E) and has a water surface area of 1162 ha at full reservoir level and 784.55 m at full supply level. Fish diversity studies were conducted to examine the spatial and temporal variations in fish diversity in relation to habitat parameters. A taxonomic abundance of 25 fish species (80% of them native) belonging to 14 families and 4 orders was recorded. A range of statistical estimators such as Chao 1, Jack 1, and Bootstrap were used to assess the expected species richness. The Jack 1 method showed the highest abundance with 28 species. The littoral zone, dominated by small indigenous species, was found to have relatively higher fish diversity (Shannon index-1.86) compared to the limnetic zone of the reservoir. Shannon diversity was higher in the monsoon season (1.76) compared to other seasons. Physico-chemical parameters revealed that this waterbody is highly eutrophic. Canonical correspondence analysis between seasonal habitat characteristics and seasonal species abundance showed the abundance of the small indigenous fish Amblypharyngodon mola during the post-monsoon season, the bottom feeder Cirrhinus mrigala and the surface feeder Rasbora daniconius during the monsoon season, and the carnivores Mystus malabaricus and Channa orientalis as well as the planktivore Puntius sarana during the pre-monsoon season. This study suggests the use of fisheries management and conservation measures such as fish-aggregating devices, stocking of certified seed, and impact assessment of exotic species.