There is no longer any doubt (IPCC, “Summary for Policymakers”, Cambridge University, in press) that human activities, particularly the extraction and use of fossil fuel resources, have already changed our climate. Unless we collectively change our patterns of energy use, climate change will accelerate and place all nature and humanity in harm's way. This special issue on climate change and fisheries across India is a timely contribution to the array of studies revealing the risks climate change poses for the vast array of ecosystem services and products essential to the continued health and prosperity of Earth's human population.

India is a large country (3.287 m km²) with a large population (1.39 billion as of 2021). India's freshwater fisheries and aquaculture account for much of the food protein for its population: 68% in 2013. (Barik, 2017). India, like all regions of the world, already faces multiple stressors arising from human...

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