It is well known that the Arabian Gulf’s marine environment has long suffered due to the extracting of oil, effects of drilling, refining, dredging and landfilling, as well as global maritime transportation. The impacts of coastal development, multiple stressors and emerging issues, such as climate change, invasive species and costal alterations, have further degraded the Gulf ecosystem. These negatively affect water quality, fisheries, aquaculture and tourism which are all economically critical to the region.

The Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management Society (AEHMS) is not new to the region; over the last 15 years it has been actively involved in organizing scientific conferences on the health of the Gulf marine ecosystem. The Society was instrumental in organizing and publishing the first comprehensive book “The Gulf Ecosystem: health and sustainability” (Khan et al., 2002), sponsored by the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research (KISR). This was followed by the convening of the...

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