The variation of marine meteorology elements and the heat flux at Yongxing Island were investigated in September 2013 using observational data collected by the Yongxing Island Air–Sea Flux Tower. Heat flux was measured through eddy covariance and estimated using the bulk flux method. The traditional thirty-minute average method was employed to analyze the eddy covariance data. A TOGA–CORE 3.0 Algorithm was used to estimate the bulk flux. Capacity of the Advanced Weather Research and Forecasting model to simulate the variations in marine meteorological elements was evaluated using the observational data obtained during the same period. Observations suggested a response by the different parameters that were synchronous to the retreat of the monsoon around 7 September 2013. Surface air masses became cool and dry, and the downward short (long) wave radiation was reduced (increased). The Weather Research and Forecasting model simulated the variation of the atmospheric elements well, as observed by the Air-Sea Flux Tower in September 2013. The model was very accurate in simulating surface wind, radiation, and scalar–humidity. However, it failed to simulate the dramatic variations of surface air temperature, though it successfully reproduced the retreat of the summer monsoon, but weakened during the onset of the typhoon. The sensible flux simulated through the model was between the fluxes estimated through the bulk flux and eddy covariance flux. It also overestimated the latent heat flux at times, particularly after 20 September.

You do not currently have access to this content.